Less than 10 years later, Freedom Walkers were replaced by Freedom Riders, both groups using buses to protest discrimination. The difference was that Freedom Walkers stayed off all city buses during the Montgomery Bus Boycott in protest of Jim Crow laws that enforced discriminatory seating and service.
The Freedom Riders boarded buses to challenge southern Jim Crow laws governing interstate transportation on interstate buses. By riding on Greyhound and Trailways buses through the Deep South, Freedom Riders protested Jim Crow laws that prevented African Americans from sitting in certain bus seats, waiting in certain areas of the station, and eating in bus station dining rooms. To learn more about the story of the Freedom Riders and the violence they faced, take a look at: Freedom Riders.
|Segregated Bus Station Waiting Room|
In 1954, when the Supreme Court ruled on Brown v the Board of Education, I had been unable to read any part of the articles, not having yet entered first grade. However, one year later after the Montgomery Bus Boycott, with my mother's assistance, I was picking my way through new articles about Rosa Parks and older coverage of Brown.
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